Open lecture at BAS Monday 3. April at 1200: "Lithuanian Architecture in Transition from Socialist to Social” by Liutauras Nekrošius, Assoc Prof, PhD
In large auditorium. Welcome!
Lithuanian Architecture in Transition from the Socialist to Social
Architect, PhD, Assoc Prof
Faculty of Architecture, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania
“What role does the school of architecture play in the development of tomorrow’s society?”, – does this question has the same meaning in all Nordic countries? Scandinavian way to the welfare society was purposeful and consistent during the last 70 years. In the meantime, Baltic countries were submerged in the development of the soviet utopia. In there, an architect was usually employed at the state founded huge institute, where he was enabled to create typical forms using typical building elements only from the legal catalogues, strictly following the regulations. Minimum originality, no communication with the society (client was the State, not a real user). Nevertheless, there are dozens of exclusive buildings and typologies invented during the time. Some of these buildings are enlisted as the architectural heritage of the 20th c. Regardless of the soviet rhetoric about welfare, a social aspect in architecture was fictitious, closely linked to the regime politics. It is possible to identify ideas of reformed modernism, such as articulation of volume, humanisation of scale of the built environment in architecture of the mid 1960’s. However, the community’s participation processes inherent to Western countries were initiated in Lithuania only after 1990’s and still are in the initial phase. Moreover, Lithuania must shorten a consecutive European path from the industrial to welfare state and afterwards to the welfare society. Lithuanian way of dealing with the challenges will be represented at the lunch lecture, 3rd of April at the BAS.